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How Long Does a Root Canal Procedure Take?

Learn the timeline of a root canal procedure with Flossy. Understand each stage for a stress-free dental experience.

Last updated on

January 26, 2024

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How Long Does a Root Canal Procedure Take?

You've probably heard the phrase "as fun as a root canal," right? That's because a root canal is one of the most feared dental procedures out there. 

This dread often arises from misconceptions or hair-raising tales repeated by well-meaning friends or family members. But before you start grinding your teeth with worry, let us reassure you: it's not as bad as you might think!

With advancements in dental technology, the reality is that a root canal procedure isn't as bad as you might think. In fact, understanding the process can really take the bite out of your anxiety, making the entire experience much less intimidating. 

So, let's brush up on the details and debunk some common myths.

What Is a Root Canal?

A root canal is a dental procedure aimed at saving a tooth that's been severely damaged or infected. Sounds scary, right? Well, not really.

Imagine a tooth as a tiny — yet sophisticated — fortress. The outer layer, known as enamel, is the robust wall protecting the inner structure. Just beneath it lies the dentin, another protective layer. At the heart of this fortress is the pulp, a soft area housing the tooth's nerves and blood vessels.

When a cavity or crack exposes this pulp to bacteria, an infection can set in, leading to toothache, sensitivity, and, if left untreated, a dental abscess. That's when your dentist might recommend a root canal.

In simple terms, a root canal procedure involves cleaning out the infected pulp, disinfecting the tooth's “canals,” and filling them up to prevent future infection. The goal? To help you preserve your natural tooth, keep your smile intact, and, most importantly, relieve your pain.

Breaking Down the Root Canal Procedure

Understanding the root canal procedure stages can take a lot of the mystery (and fear) out of the process. Let's break it down.


Your journey to a healthier tooth begins with a comprehensive examination. During this stage, your dentist will take an X-Ray to get a clear picture of the tooth and surrounding bone. This helps identify the extent of the infection and plan the treatment. Depending on the complexity, the examination could take anywhere from 15 to 30 minutes.

This initial stage is crucial in determining not just whether a root canal is needed but also in estimating how long the procedure will take. 

Remember, each case is unique. While it's helpful to know the average duration of a root canal procedure, the specifics of your situation ultimately set the timeline.


After the examination, your dentist will administer local anesthesia to numb the affected tooth and its surrounding area. This step ensures the procedure is as painless as possible. It's similar to the injection you might receive for a filling. 

The goal here is to keep you comfortable throughout the procedure. This stage generally takes about 10 to 15 minutes for the anesthesia to take effect.


Here comes the main event. Armed with special tools, your dentist will drill an opening into the tooth to reach the infected pulp. During the pulpectomy, the infected pulp is then carefully removed, and the area is thoroughly cleaned. 

Despite the scary image it might conjure, remember your tooth is numb, so you shouldn't feel pain, only pressure. This part of the procedure varies in time, but on average, it can take between 30 to 90 minutes.


With the tooth disinfected and the pulp removed, your dentist fills the empty canals with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha. This is then sealed with a temporary or permanent filling, ensuring bacteria can't enter the tooth. This stage can last around 30 minutes.

The Total Time

All in all, the total time spent in the dentist's chair for a root canal procedure can be anywhere between 70 minutes (a little over an hour) to 2 hours and 15 minutes on average. 

However, remember that these times are averages. The actual length of your procedure may vary based on various factors.

What Factors May Affect the Duration of a Root Canal Procedure?

While the aforementioned times provide a ballpark idea of the duration, it's crucial to understand that several variables can influence the actual time you spend in the dentist's chair. 

Let's delve deeper into these factors and how they can impact your root canal procedure.

Severity of Infection

The extent and location of the infection play a significant role in determining the procedure's length. A tooth with a simple, straightforward infection will take less time compared to a tooth with a more complex, deep-rooted infection. That's because the more extensive the infection, the more careful and meticulous the dentist needs to be to ensure all the infected pulp is removed.

In some cases, your dentist might even suggest multiple sessions, allowing the tooth to drain and heal between treatments. This tactic is particularly useful in treating abscesses, where the infection has spread beyond the tooth into surrounding bone and tissues.

Tooth’s Position

The position of the tooth in your mouth also matters. For instance, front teeth (incisors and canines) usually have a single root, whereas back teeth (molars and premolars) often have multiple roots. The latter can take longer to treat because of the increased complexity.

Your dentist needs to carefully navigate these roots, ensuring each canal is thoroughly cleaned and filled. This meticulous work can add extra time to your procedure. However, it's vital to ensure the treatment's success and longevity.

Your Overall Health

Your overall health can also influence the procedure's time. For example, if you're generally anxious, it might take longer for you to relax and for the local anesthesia to take effect. 

Additionally, systemic conditions like diabetes can slow down healing and recovery times, requiring additional visits for post-procedure care.

The Importance of Individualized Care

Remember, every patient's case is unique. Dentists approach each procedure with individualized care, giving attention to your specific needs and condition. It's not about how fast they can complete the process but how effectively they can treat you while ensuring your comfort and safety.

So, while knowing the average duration can help prepare you, it's essential to keep an open mind and trust your dentist's expertise. After all, good things (like preserving your natural smile) take time!

What To Expect After a Root Canal Procedure

So, you've made it through your root canal procedure - congratulations! But the journey to a complete and healthy smile doesn't end there. Let's navigate the post-procedure landscape together.

Prioritize Comfort 

Once the local anesthesia starts to fade, a few hours post-procedure, you may experience some discomfort or sensitivity in the treated area. 

This is completely normal and is a sign that your body is healing from the procedure. No need to grit your teeth and bear it, though. Your dentist will likely prescribe over-the-counter pain relievers or suggest appropriate home remedies like rinsing with warm salt water or using a cold compress.

Proper Diet for Recovery

The food you eat after your root canal is more than just fuel; it's a key player in your recovery. For the first few days after the procedure, stick to soft foods to avoid putting too much pressure on the treated tooth. 

Think comforting bowls of yogurt, creamy mashed potatoes, and nutritious smoothies. Avoid anything hard, crunchy, or too hot or cold that could irritate the area. After all, right after your procedure isn’t the time to try biting off more than you can chew!

Oral Care Post-Procedure

Your toothbrush and floss are your allies in recovery. Maintaining good oral hygiene is paramount after a root canal procedure. Continue brushing twice a day and flossing daily, but tread lightly around the treated area to prevent any discomfort. 

Keep your mouth clean to prevent infection and promote healing.

The Importance of Follow-Ups

Your relationship with your dentist doesn't end once the procedure is over. In the following weeks, your dentist will schedule a follow-up visit. This is crucial to ensure the success of your root canal treatment. 

During this visit, your dentist will replace the temporary filling, if used, with a permanent one or add a crown for added protection. They'll also check the healing process, answer any questions you might have, and address any concerns.

Remember, root canal therapy has a high success rate, but it's vital to take care of your oral health to prevent future dental issues. Stick to your dentist's after-care advice, and maintain a healthy diet.

Get the Dental Care You Deserve With Flossy

Understanding the root canal procedure, from start to finish, can significantly help alleviate fears and misconceptions. From the initial examination to the final filling, every step of the process is carefully designed with your comfort and health in mind.

But remember, having the right dentist to guide you through this journey makes all the difference. And that's where Flossy comes in.

Flossy is not your typical dental service. We operate on a pay-as-you-go basis, perfect for those without insurance. We're dedicated to connecting you with affordable, trusted dentists, ensuring your dental care is top-notch without breaking the bank. With Flossy, you can save up to 50% on out-of-pocket costs associated with dental care.

Whether you're dealing with a throbbing toothache and suspect you might need a root canal or you're due for your regular checkup, Flossy has your back (and your teeth!). Just visit our website or download the Flossy App, choose a dentist that suits your needs, and book an appointment. It's that simple.

Your smile is our priority, and we're here to help you keep it healthy and bright.


What is a Root Canal? | American Association of Endodontists

What Tooth Enamel Is, Function & Care | Cleveland Clinic

Slide show: Root canal treatment | Mayo Clinic

Root Canal: What Is It, Diagnosis, Treatment, Side Effects & Recovery | Cleveland Clinic

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